National Pension System (NPS) in India

The National Pension System (NPS) is designed as a voluntary retirement savings program, enabling subscribers to make predetermined contributions for planned savings, ensuring future financial security in the form of a pension. It represents a concerted effort to address the challenge of providing sufficient retirement income to every Indian citizen in a sustainable manner.

NPS New Login Rules From April 1

Starting April 1, new login rules for NPS require Two-Factor Aadhaar Authentication, enhancing security for subscribers.

Utilizing Pension Wealth

Upon regular exit from the NPS, subscribers have the option to utilize their accumulated pension wealth by purchasing a life annuity from a PFRDA-approved life insurance company or withdraw a lump sum.

Who Can Open an NPS Account?

A citizen of India, whether resident or non-resident, aged between 18 – 70 years, can open an NPS account by complying with KYC norms.

Benefits of NPS Account

  • Low Cost: NPS is the world’s lowest-cost pension scheme.
  • Simple: Open an account with a POP and get a PRAN.
  • Flexible: Choose investment options and Pension Fund for better returns.
  • Portable: Operate the account from anywhere in India and make contributions conveniently.

Tax Benefits

Employees and self-employed individuals enjoy tax benefits on contributions and employer contributions under Sec 80 CCD(1) and Sec 80 CCD(2).

Types of Accounts

Tier-I Account: Retirement savings with tax benefits.

Tier-II Account: Voluntary savings with no tax benefits.

Contributions and Compliance

Tier Minimum Contribution Charges/Penalties
Tier-I Rs 500 at account opening, Rs 1,000 per year Frozen account for non-compliance
Tier-II Rs 1,000 at account opening, Rs 250 per contribution No minimum annual contribution


  • NPS has a lock-in period until retirement.
  • Returns are market-linked and subject to fluctuations.
  • Consider risk tolerance when choosing investment options.

Overall, the National Pension System offers a structured approach to retirement savings with tax benefits, flexibility, and long-term financial security for Indian citizens.

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